Introduction We’ve been writing on the distribution density shapes expected for probability models in ROC (receiver operator characteristic) plots, double density plots, and normal/logit-normal densities frameworks. I thought I would re-approach the issue with a specific family of examples.

Estimated reading time: 12 minutes

Our group has written a lot on calibration of models and even conditional calibration of models. In our last note we mentioned the possibility of “fully calibrated models.” This note is an example of a probability model that is calibrated in the traditional sense, but not fully calibrated in a […]

Estimated reading time: 4 minutes

The double density plot contains a lot of useful information. This is a plot that shows the distribution of a continuous model score, conditioned on the binary categorical outcome to be predicted. As with most density plots: the y-axis is an abstract quantity called density picked such that the area […]

Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

For classification problems I argue one of the biggest steps you can take to improve the quality and utility of your models is to prefer models that return scores or return probabilities instead of classification rules. Doing this also opens a second large opportunity for improvement: working with your domain […]

Estimated reading time: 19 minutes

Two related fallacies I see in machine learning practice are the shift and balance fallacies (for an earlier simple fallacy, please see here). They involve thinking logistic regression has a bit simpler structure that it actually does, and also thinking logistic regression is a bit less powerful than it actually […]

Estimated reading time: 7 minutes

This note is a little break from our model homotopy series. I have a neat example where one combines two classifiers to get a better classifier using a method I am calling “ROC surgery.” In ROC surgery we look at multiple ROC plots and decide we want to cut out […]

Estimated reading time: 40 seconds

Let’s take a stab at our first note on a topic that pre-establishing the definitions of probability model homotopy makes much easier to write. In this note we will discuss tailored probability models. There are models deliberately fit to training data that has an outcome prevalence equal to the expected […]

Estimated reading time: 4 minutes

I am planning a new example-based series of articles using what I am calling probability model homotopy. This is a notation I am introducing to slow down and make clearer discussing how probability models perform on different populations.

Estimated reading time: 8 minutes

Nina Zumel just completed an excellent short sequence of articles on picking optimal utility thresholds to convert a continuous model score for a classification problem into a deployable classification rule. Squeezing the Most Utility from Your Models Estimating Uncertainty of Utility Curves This is very compatible with our advice to […]

Estimated reading time: 1 minute